宁夏11选5走势图

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当前位置:新闻资讯 > 原来如此!揭开半导体制冷技术的面纱 宁夏11选5走势图

原来如此!揭开半导体制冷技术的面纱

点击次数:3331次  发布时间:2018/1/13

WAISHEPINDAOSHANGCITUICHULESHOUKUANCHULIQIBANDAOTICHENGPINSANREQIDEPINGCE《KONGDIAOinside!MACSBANDAOTIZHILENGPINGCESHOUFA》。BUSHAOWANGYOUDUIBANDAOTIZHILENGJISHUCHANSHENGLENONGHOUDEXINGQU,JINQIWOMENSHOUJILEXIANGGUANZILIAOZHENGLICHENGWEN,YIBINGFABIAOXIANJIDAJIA。QIANBANBUFENMEIYOUSHEJITAIDUODEZHUANYEZHISHI,DUICHUXUEZHELAISHUONANDUBUDA;ERDUIYUXIANGSHENRULEJIEQIGOUZAOYUANLIDEPENGYOUBUFANGCHAYUEQUANWEN。

YI、YUBEIZHISHI:

1.Peltier effect(POERTIEXIAOYING):

  POERTIEXIAOYINGDELUNSHUHENJIANDAN——DANGDIANLIUTONGGUOREDIANOUSHI,QIZHONGYIGEJIEDIANSANFAREERLINGYIGEJIEDIANXISHOURE,ZHEIGEXIANXIANGYOUFAGUOWULIXUEJIAJean PeltierZAI1834NIANFAXIAN。

2.PXINGBANDAOTI

  BANDAOTICAILIAODEYIZHONGXINGSHI,QIDAODAIZHONGDEDIANZIMIDUCHAOGUOLEJIADAIZHONGDEKONGXUEMIDU。PXINGCAILIAOTONGGUOZENGJIASHOUZHU(acceptor)ZAZHILAIXINGCHENG,LIRUZAIGUISHANGCHANZAPENG。

3.NXINGBANDAOTI

宁夏11选5走势图  BANDAOTICAILIAODEYIZHONGXINGSHI,ZAIDAODAIZHONGDEDIANZIMIDUDAYUZAIJIADAIZHONGDEKONGXUEMIDUDEBANDAOTI,NXINGCAILIAOTONGGUODUIGUIDEJINGTIJIEGOUZHONGJIARUSHIZHUZAZHI(CHANZA)——BIRUSHENHUOLIN——LAIDEDAO。

ER、POERTIEXIAOYINGYINGYONG

宁夏11选5走势图  BANDAOTIZHILENGQISHIYOUBANDAOTISUOZUCHENGDEYIZHONGLENGQUEZHUANGZHI,WU1960ZUOYOUCAICHUXIAN,RANERQILILUNJICHUPeltier effectKEZHUISUDAO19SHIJI。RUTUSHIYOUXJIYLIANGZHONGBUTONGDEJINSHUDAOXIANSUOZUCHENGDEFENGBIXIANLU。

宁夏11选5走势图  TONGSHANGDIANYUANZHIHOU,LENGDUANDERELIANGBEIYIDAOREDUAN,DAOZHILENGDUANWENDUJIANGDI,REDUANWENDUSHENGGAO,ZHEIJIUSHIZHUMINGDEPeltier effect 。ZHEIXIANXIANGZAOSHIZAI1821NIAN,YOUYIWEIDEGUOKEXUEJIAThomas SeebackSHOUXIANFAXIAN,BUGUOTADANGSHIZUOLECUOWUDETUILUN,BINGMEIYOULINGWUDAOBEIHOUZHENZHENGDEKEXUEYUANLI。DAOLE1834NIAN,YIWEIFAGUOBIAOJIANG,TONGSHIYESHIJIANZHIYANJIUZHEIXIANXIANGDEWULIXUEJIAJean Peltier,CAIFAXIANBEIHOUZHENZHENGDEYUANYIN,ZHEIGEXIANXIANGZHIDAOJINDAISUIZHUBANDAOTIDEFAZHANCAIYOULESHIJIDEYINGYONG,YEJIUSHI[ZHILENGQI]DEFAMING(ZHUYI,ZHEIZHONGJIAOZHILENGQI,HAIBUJIAOBANDAOTIZHILENGQI)。

宁夏11选5走势图SAN、BANDAOTIZHILENGFADEYUANLIYIJIJIEGOU:

宁夏11选5走势图  BANDAOTIREDIANOUYOUNXINGBANDAOTIHEPXINGBANDAOTIZUCHENG。NXINGCAILIAOYOUDUOYUDEDIANZI,YOUFUWENCHADIANSHI。PXINGCAILIAODIANZIBUZU,YOUZHENGWENCHADIANSHI;DANGDIANZICONGPXINGCHUANGUOJIEDIANZHINXINGSHI,JIEDIANDEWENDUJIANGDI,QINENGLIANGBIRANZENGJIA,ERQIEZENGJIADENENGLIANGXIANGDANGYUJIEDIANSUOXIAOHAODENENGLIANG。XIANGFAN,DANGDIANZICONGNXINGLIUZHIPXINGCAILIAOSHI,JIEDIANDEWENDUJIUHUISHENGGAO。

  ZHIJIEJIECHUDEREDIANOUDIANLUZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGBUKEYONG,SUOYIYONGXIATUDELIANJIEFANGFALAIDAITI,SHIYANZHENGMING,ZAIWENCHADIANLUZHONGYINRUDISANZHONGCAILIAO(TONGLIANJIEPIANHEDAOXIAN)BUHUIGAIBIANDIANLUDETEXING。

宁夏11选5走势图  ZHEIYANG,BANDAOTIYUANJIANKEYIYONGGEZHONGBUTONGDELIANJIEFANGFALAIMANZUSHIYONGZHEDEYAOQIU。BAYIGEPXINGBANDAOTIYUANJIANHEYIGENXINGBANDAOTIYUANJIANLIANJIECHENGYIDUIREDIANOU,JIESHANGZHILIUDIANYUANHOU,ZAIJIETOUCHUJIUHUICHANSHENGWENCHAHERELIANGDEZHUANYI。

  ZAISHANGMIANDEJIETOUCHU,DIANLIUFANGXIANGSHICONGNZHIP,WENDUXIAJIANGBINGQIEXIRE,ZHEIJIUSHILENGDUAN;ERZAIXIAMIANDEYIGEJIETOUCHU,DIANLIUFANGXIANGSHICONGPZHIN,WENDUSHANGSHENGBINGQIEFANGRE,YINCISHIREDUAN。

宁夏11选5走势图  YINCISHIBANDAOTIZHILENGPIANYOUXUDUONXINGHEPXINGBANDAOTIZHIKELIHUXIANGPAILIEERCHENG,ERN/PZHIJIANYIYIBANDEDAOTIXIANGLIANJIEERCHENGYIWANZHENGXIANLU,TONGCHANGSHITONG、LVHUOQITAJINSHUDAOTI,HOUYOULIANGPIANTAOCIPIANXIANGJIAXINBINGQIANYIYANGJIAQILAI,TAOCIPIANBIXUJUEYUANQIEDAORELIANGHAO,WAIGUANRUXIATUSUOSHI。

SI、NANDIANJIEXI

1.WEISHENMEYAOSHIYONGBANDAOTICAILIAO?

  SUOWEIREDIANOUJIUSHIYIDUIBUTONGYUANSUDEJINSHUDAOTI,ZAISHIJISHIYONGDESHIHOUQIZHILENGXIAOLVBINGBUGAO。BENSHIJIWUSHINIANDAI,SULIANKEXUEYUANBANDAOTIYANJIUSUOYUEFEIYUANSHIDUIBANDAOTIJINXINGLEDALIANGYANJIU,YUYIJIUWUSINIANFABIAOLEYANJIUCHENGGUO,BIAOMINGDIHUABIHUAHEWUGURONGTIYOULIANGHAODEZHILENGXIAOGUO,ZHEISHIZAODEYESHIZHONGYAODEREDIANBANDAOTICAILIAO,ZHIJINHAISHIWENCHAZHILENGZHONGBANDAOTICAILIAODEYIZHONGZHUYAOCHENGFEN。YUEFEIDELILUNDEDAOSHIJIANYINGYONGHOU,YOUZHONGDUODEXUEZHEJINXINGYANJIUDAOLIUSHINIANDAIBANDAOTIZHILENGCAILIAODEYOUZHIXISHU,CAIDADAOXIANGDANGSHUIPING,DEDAODAGUIMODEYINGYONG,YEJIUSHIWOMENXIANZAIDEBANDAOTIZHILENGPIANJIAN。

宁夏11选5走势图2.DIANNENGSHIRUHE“BANYUN”RELIANGDE?

  BUSHAOPENGYOUZAIKANGUOPINGCEHOUYIJINGTICHULENENGLIANGSHOUHENGJIESHIDELUNDIAN。ERSHIJISHANG,BANDAOTIZHILENGBINGMEIYOUXIANGXIANGZHONGDEJIANDAN。ZHEICONGJISHULILUNDETICHUDAOZHENZHENGDESHIJIYINGYONGSUOYONGDESHIJIANJIUNENGKANCHULAI。RENMENCHANGCHANGJIANGDIANLIUBIYUCHENGSHUILIU,DIANYUANJIUXIANGSHUIBENG,BUDUANDEJIANGDIDIANSHIDEDIANHE“BANYUN”ZHIGAODIANWEI,ERCHANSHENGDEDIANDONGSHIQUDONGDIANHEDINGXIANGYIDONG。

宁夏11选5走势图  ERNENGLIANGDEXINGSHIYESHIDUOZHONGDUOYANGDE,LIZIBUDANJUYOUDIANSHINENG,TONGSHIHAIJUYOURENENGDENGGEZHONGNENGLIANG。ZAINENGLIANGDEBUDUANZHUANHUANZHONG,GEZHONGNENGLIANGYIBUTONGDEFANGSHIJINXINGZHUANHUAN。ZAIPOERTIEXIAOYINGZHONG,RUGUOSHIYONGDESHIBANDAOTI,NEIMEBANDAOTIZHONGDE“ZIYOUDIANZI”(XIANGXINGAOZHONGWULIXUEYIJINGSHUODEHENTOUCHE,JINSHUDEDAODIANXINGHEDAOREXINGDOUSHITONGGUO“ZIYOUDIANZI”ZUOYONGDE)JIANGHUIZAIBUTONGDAOTIJIANDEJIEDIANCHUTONGGUODIANSHINENGZHUANHUANRELIANG(FANGREHUOZHEXIRE),ERQIJUTIBIAOXIANJIUSHIZHILENGPIANDEZHILENGXIAOGUO。ERBANDAOTIZHONGDEDIANDONGSHIJIEXIJIUBIXUSHEJIGENGDUODEZHUANYEZHISHILE。

WU、XIANGXIJIESHUOPXING/NXINGBANDAOTI

宁夏11选5走势图  GENJUWUTIDAODIANNENGLI(DIANZULV)DEBUTONG,LAIHUAFENDAOTI、JUEYUANTIHEBANDAOTI,BANDAOTIDEDIANZULVWEI10-3~10-9 W·cm。DIANXINGDEBANDAOTIYOUGUISiHEZHEGeYIJISHENHUAJIAGaAsDENG。

  ZHIZAOBANDAOTIQIJIANDEBANDAOTICAILIAODECHUNDUYAODADAO99.9999999%,CHANGCHENGWEI“JIUGE9”。TAZAIWULIJIEGOUSHANGCHENGDANJINGTIXINGTAI。ERHUAXUECHENGFENCHUNJINGDEBANDAOTIWOMENCHENGZHIWEIBENZHENGBANDAOTI。

宁夏11选5走势图  GUIHEZHESHISIJIAYUANSU,ZAIYUANZIWAICENGGUIDAOSHANGDESIGEDIANZICHENGWEIJIADIANZI。TAMENFENBIEYUZHOUWEIDESIGEYUANZIDEJIADIANZIXINGCHENGGONGJIAJIAN。GONGJIAJIANZHONGDEJIADIANZIWEIZHEIXIEYUANZISUOGONGYOU,BINGWEITAMENSUOSHUFU,ZAIKONGJIANXINGCHENGPAILIEYOUXUDEJINGTI。

(a) GUIJINGTIDEKONGJIANPAILIE (b) GONGJIAJIANJIEGOUPINGMIANSHIYITU

宁夏11选5走势图  DANGDAOTICHUYURELIXUEWENDU0KSHI,DAOTIZHONGMEIYOUZIYOUDIANZI。DANGWENDUSHENGGAOHUOSHOUDAOGUANGDEZHAOSHESHI,JIADIANZINENGLIANGZENGGAO,YOUDEJIADIANZIKEYIZHENGTUOYUANZIHEDESHUFU,ERCANYUDAODIAN,CHENGWEIZIYOUDIANZI。ZHEIYIXIANXIANGCHENGWEIBENZHENGJIFA(YECHENGREJIFA)。

  ZIYOUDIANZICHANSHENGDETONGSHI,ZAIQIYUANLAIDEGONGJIAJIANZHONGJIUCHUXIANLEYIGEKONGWEI,YUANZIDEDIANZHONGXINGBEIPOHUAI,CHENGXIANCHUZHENGDIANXING,QIZHENGDIANLIANGYUDIANZIDEFUDIANLIANGXIANGDENG,RENMENCHANGCHENGCHENGXIANZHENGDIANXINGDEZHEIGEKONGWEIWEIKONGXUE。KEJIANYINREJIFAERCHUXIANDEZIYOUDIANZIHEKONGXUESHITONGSHICHENGDUICHUXIANDE,CHENGWEIDIANZIKONGXUEDUI。YOULIDEBUFENZIYOUDIANZIYEKENENGHUIDAOKONGXUEZHONGQU,CHENGWEIFUHE。BENZHENGJIFAHEFUHEZAIYIDINGWENDUXIAHUIDADAODONGTAIPINGHENG。

BENZHENGJIFAHEFUHEDEGUOCHENG

1.NXINGBANDAOTI

  ZAIBENZHENGBANDAOTIZHONGCHANRUWUJIAZAZHIYUANSU,LIRULIN,KEXINGCHENGNXINGBANDAOTI,YECHENGDIANZIXINGBANDAOTI。

  YINWUJIAZAZHIYUANZIZHONGZHIYOUSIGEJIADIANZINENGYUZHOUWEISIGEBANDAOTIYUANZIZHONGDEJIADIANZIXINGCHENGGONGJIAJIAN,ERDUOYUDEYIGEJIADIANZIYINWUGONGJIAJIANSHUFUERHENRONGYIXINGCHENGZIYOUDIANZI。ZAINXINGBANDAOTIZHONGZIYOUDIANZISHIDUOSHUZAILIUZI,TAZHUYAOYOUZAZHIYUANZITIGONG;KONGXUESHISHAOSHUZAILIUZI, YOUREJIFAXINGCHENG。

宁夏11选5走势图  TIGONGZIYOUDIANZIDEWUJIAZAZHIYUANZIYINDAIZHENGDIANHEERCHENGWEIZHENGLIZI,YINCIWUJIAZAZHIYUANZIYECHENGWEISHIZHUZAZHI。

2.PXINGBANDAOTI

  ZAIBENZHENGBANDAOTIZHONGCHANRUSANJIAZAZHIYUANSU,RUPENG、JIA、YINDENGXINGCHENGLEPXINGBANDAOTI,YECHENGWEIKONGXUEXINGBANDAOTI。

  YINSANJIAZAZHIYUANZIZAIYUGUIYUANZIXINGCHENGGONGJIAJIANSHI,QUESHAOYIGEJIADIANZIERZAIGONGJIAJIANZHONGLIUXIAYIKONGXUE。PXINGBANDAOTIZHONGKONGXUESHIDUOSHUZAILIUZI,ZHUYAOYOUCHANZAXINGCHENG;DIANZISHISHAOSHUZAILIUZI,YOUREJIFAXINGCHENG。KONGXUEHENRONGYIFUHUODIANZI,SHIZAZHIYUANZICHENGWEIFULIZI。SANJIAZAZHIYINERYECHENGWEISHOUZHUZAZHI。

宁夏11选5走势图  HOU,DUOZIDEKUOSANHESHAOZIDEPIAOYIDADAODONGTAIPINGHENG。ZAIPXINGBANDAOTIHENXINGBANDAOTIDEJIEHEMIANLIANGCE,LIUXIALIZIBOCENG,ZHEIGELIZIBOCENGXINGCHENGDEKONGJIANDIANHEQUCHENGWEIPNJIE。PNJIEDENEIDIANCHANGFANGXIANGYOUNQUZHIXIANGPQU。

  WAIJIADEZHENGXIANGDIANYAYOUYIBUFENJIANGLUOZAIPNJIEQU,FANGXIANGYUPNJIENEIDIANCHANGFANGXIANGXIANGFAN,XUERUOLENEIDIANCHANG。YUSHI,NEIDIANCHANGDUIDUOZIKUOSANYUNDONGDEZUAIJIANRUO,KUOSANDIANLIUJIADA。KUOSANDIANLIUYUANDAYUPIAOYIDIANLIU,KEHULVEPIAOYIDIANLIUDEYINGXIANG。ERSHIJISHANGDIANZIZAITONGGUODIANCHANGHOUSHINENGCHANSHENGBIANHUA,NENGLIANGZHUANHUANWEIGEZHONGXINGSHIDEBIAOXIAN,ERRELIANGDEXISHOUYUSANFADOUSHIQIBIAOXIANDEYIGEFANGMIAN。ERBANDAOTIZHILENGPIANDEGONGZUOYUANLISHIJISHANGJIUSHITONGGUODINGXIANGDIANLIUJIANGRENENGDINGXIANGBANYUNDEGUOCHENG。

ZONGJIE:

  TONGGUOSHANGSHUDAJIAYINGGAIYIJINGBIJIAOQINGXIDELEJIELEBANDAOTIDEZHILENGGUOCHENGYIJIYUANLI,SHIJISHANGYEBINGFEIHENXUANHUDEDONGXI,BIJINGQIXIANXIANGZAOZAI19SHIJIJIUYIJINGBEIRENFAXIAN。DANSHIYAOJIANGLILUNYONGDAOCHENGPINSHENGCHANGONGRENSHIYONGQUEBUSHIYIJIANJIANDANDESHIQING,QIZHONGSHEJIDAOCAILIAOKEXUEDENGGENGWEIDUOYANGHUADEZHUANYEZHISHI。ZAIYINGYONGYUCPUSANREQIDESHEJIZHONG,ZHILENGPIANHAIYAOYINGFUGENGDUODEWENTI,PIRUWENKONG、CHUSHIDENG。SUIZHEJISHUDECHENGSHU,BANDAOTIZHILENGHAISHIHENYOUQIANTUDE,ZHEJIANGBOHUIZHINENGKEJIGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIDEBANDAOTILENGNINGCHUSHIZHUANGZHIYIJINGBACIXIANGJISHUYUNYONGDAODIANLIXIANGJUFANGCHAOZHILIDANGZHONGQU,YEKAIQILECIXIANGLILUNSHIJIYUNYONGDEXIANLI。

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